Grading of computers, desktops, laptops, iPad, monitors, and PC’s

Grade A B C D Refurbished

Grading of computers, desktops, laptops, iPad, monitors, and PC’s

Before and after we clean a laptops screen here at Filmar


Definition of Grading:

Grading is sorting of computers, desktops, laptops, iPad, monitors, and PC’s based on the outward appearance like external surfaces (i.e. cover / lid and keyboards) housing, LCD/LCD blemishes. Then the IT asset is assigned a Refurbished Grade A, B, C, D in order to fetch high price in the market. For the domestic and international market there are four general grades considered: 1. Grade A. Grade B. Grade C. Grade D.

Which refurbished grade is going to work for you?

Grading Structure

Customer Expectations:

Grade A +

As good as new

Visual  inspection

No dents; scratches or  cracks; rubber feet must be present no damaged corners


Screen in perfect condition -no scratches or marks  no dead pixels  lines or cracks

no white spots are acceptable.

Battery Function

70 – 100% capacity


must include all parts HDD/SSD/MEM/ Batteries /Adapters  –  Must be complete unit.


100% working

Grade A/ Good

minor signs of usage

Visual  inspection

no more than 3-4  scratches no dents no cracks in the case,

rubber feet must be present  no damaged corners.


Screen can have small marks  but not visiable when in use  no white spots are acceptable

No cracks on the screen accepted.

Battery Function

70 – 100% capacity


must include all parts HDD/SSD/MEM/ Batteries /Adapters  – Must be complete unit.


100% working

B grade

severals signs of use

Visual  inspection

up to 3 small dents / scratches no longer than 2cm; small cracks no bigger than 1cm,

no broken off or missing parts. Must have rubber feet


screens can have some visiable marks when in use, no more than 3 white spots are allowed

with a maximum size 0.5cm

Battery Function

less than 70% capacity


must include all parts HDD/SSD/MEM /Battery/Adapters must be complete units


100% working

Grade C

Heavy signs of Usage  not suitable for normal sales chanels

Visual  inspection

Heavily scracthed cases; small dents allowed cracks and missing pieces off the bezel

are allowed  security Tags  glue marks


Screens have visible marks when in use up to 5 white spots are allowed  no bigger than

1cm rubber feet missing

Battery Function

Requires replacment  – less than 50%


Must include all major parts HDD/SSd/MEM/Battery/Adapters


working with non essential broken parts example  ports

Faulty RMA

RMA to suppliers.

Visual  inspection

Broken Screen Cracks  broken cases missing essentaial parts  Brackets Sata adapters  etc


1. Grade A:

Grade A is of superior quality possess flawless appearance. A 5% tolerance is allowed for errors. It must be carefully presented taking into account the uniformity of the computer, desktop, laptop, iPad, monitors, or PC. The packing material will also be of superior quality appearance. Here are some pictures and examples of Grade A computers, desktops, laptops, iPad, monitors, and PC’s

Advantages of Grading:

  1. Lower selling price due to presence of second-rate products.
  2. It increased marketing efficiency by simplifying the buying and selling of IT equipment without personal selection.
  3. Grading enhances the value of good graded IT products.
  4. Wasted marketing cost, packing, and transportation are avoided by grading.
  5. By grading there is fairness to both Buyers and Sellers.
  6. Properly graded IT Products are purchased by the consumer easily without inspection.
Grading of Laptops, Desktops, computers, iPads, monitors, and PC’s after years of use is an essential step in selling used computer equipment. The Grading of computers, desktops, laptops, iPad, monitors, and PC’s focus on the outward appearance like external surfaces (i.e. cover / lid and keyboards) housing, LCD/LCD blemishes. The method of grading computers, desktops, laptops, iPad, monitors, and PC’s are done by physically inspecting each item. Resellers or Refurbishers try to accurately describe the condition by assigning a Refurbished Grade A, B, C, D, so you will know what to expect. Despite any impurities, all the units described above will be fully functional Grading of computers, desktops, laptops, iPad, monitors, and PC’s for quality is essential, as the people are becoming quality conscious day by day. Further, upon arrival of the computers desktops laptops Ipads monitors and PC’s at the processing centers, they should be graded strictly for quality. Words like Like new, very minor wear; Light/fine scratches on screen, large paint chips, large cracks on the body, loose/wobbly base, dark spots on the screen that exceed .5 inch in diameter, uneven light diffusion, are used during this process. Each unit will then be assigned a GRADE and sorted out for the best attributes. You can learn more detail about Grade R, A, B, C, D Refurbished on a blog post here: Generally, the equipment has been leased to corporations for 1-3 years, and then turned back in much like an automobile. We find some name brand models weather well over time and can be refurbished into usable technology. If you’re unsure about the condition of your equipment, looking to buy or lease, or have any other questions, just drop us a line and we’ll get back with you as soon as possible. I would love to hear your comments.

Comments (9)

  • Tina Reply

    Hi Phil, does this need for gradation come from a legal or a statutory requirement or IT companies just do it as an industry practice? Also can these brands sell a refurbished product as new? As in can they remove the R/REF from the product’s serial number? Your blog is very informative. Looking forward.

    August 8, 2019 at 8:34 am
    • Phil Biundo Reply

      Tina great question, Thank you for that. This is the market of used electronics, and there’s no way to control the “grading system” at an international level. There is NO SET MARKET PRICE for used electronics for the most part. The stock is used, or it’s new. Its the job of the salesperson to create the proper margin of that particular used product, so both parties are satisfied. The “Grade” is he say/she say… it is not a standard or a legal term. Also, you cannot just make something new from refurbished or used. It’s merely a useless marketing tactic just like a “certified used” car – It is still just a used car with a limited warranty. Know what you are buying, who you buy from, and always try and get a decent warranty.

      September 4, 2019 at 10:06 am
  • Mike Bynum Reply

    Hi Phil, Im new to an ITAD company…I have a RFQ list that mentions grade M from a new vendor…can you help?

    February 3, 2020 at 12:28 pm
    • Phil Biundo Reply

      Mike I have never seen Grade M before. Can you give me more context?

      March 31, 2020 at 7:03 am
  • Point of sale NZ Reply

    Nice blog, It’s very helpful and informative blog. I got your blog about “Grading of computers, desktops, laptops, iPad, monitors, and PC’s”. This is a simple greeting with a smile will work.

    March 27, 2020 at 2:59 am
    • Phil Biundo Reply

      Thank you

      March 31, 2020 at 7:01 am
      • Delnoi Otsemobor Reply

        Hello Phil, so glad I found this blog. Super informative. I had something to ask. I received an excel sheet for laptops from an auction. They are all graded a-d, but also all labelled “not working” even the grade A’s .. What might this mean? They are clean and not working?

        August 27, 2020 at 3:28 pm
        • Phil Biundo Reply

          Delno, glad to meet you! That is confusing… I would email them and ask them if they have a detailed definition of each of there grades posted on their website or if they can email it to you. I hope that helps.

          August 27, 2020 at 4:17 pm
  • Eric Kesselring Reply

    The grade B displays show the overhead florescent lights very well. Can we see a photo(s) or description of screen scratches, dead pixels, black spots? Scratches are OK, if not to the extent of a grade C. I will see when my grade B Dell monitor arrives, try to get photos of it in action. Overall, good article.

    September 10, 2020 at 11:18 am


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